The Caspian oil-and-gas field was one of the Soviet Unionís largest raw material extraction site. The 82nd Fighter Air Regiment PVO defended the Baku and Caspian oil-and-gas fields and industrial facilities.
The 82nd Fighter Air Regiment PVO used Yakovlev Yak-28P Fireball interceptor at the Nasosnaya airport close to Baku. The Yak-28P long-range interceptor was equipped with 'Oriol-D' interception radar compatible with the R-8M 'AA-3 Anab' air-to-air missile. The 82th regiment received MiG-25P Foxbat-A high-speed interceptors in the mid-seventies.