The Baku Red Banner Air Defence District defended the air space of the Soviet Union in a very sensitive region in the sixties years. Here were the Turkish NATO border, Caspian Sea oil and gas deposits, US friendly Iranian border, South-Russian industrial facilities, etc.
In the sixties years established seventeen Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment in the region. The SA-75 Dvina/Volhov SA-2 guide missiles, Su-9 Fishpot and MiG-19 Farmer interceptors of the Baku Red Banner Air Defence District were able to capture high-altitude and high-speed air targets. The vintage MiG-17 Fresco was used against low altitude and slow air targets.